January 14, 2018

Securing our Mexican boat permit (TIP) in Ensenada

Jessica and I departed from San Diego at 5 am. We would spend the next 20 days slowly sailing our Newport 30 down the Baja peninsula and into La Paz harbor.

dropping the dock lines in Mission Bay before sunrise

The run from San Diego to Ensenada is about 75 nm.
Around noon, we passed between Tijuana Beach and Las Islas Coronados and then slowly dropped south into Ensenada around 6 pm. 

The approach from outer Ensenada bay into the inner harbor takes a long time and is a bit stressful in the dark. It’s a bit challenging to discern between lights from land and boat lights. 

We had made reservations at Baja Naval. I highly recommend this marina. They are primarily a dry dock shipyard but they maintain 2 slips and it seems to be a favorite for cruising sailors. 

They charged 35$/daily, but make sure to make a reservation in advance. The final approach into the Baja Naval docks is a bit sketchy at night. Depth goes down to 9-11 feet and shoals out at 4-5 feet in some sections in front of the docks. We did not find the navigation lights very helpful in this process. I would say, just monitor your GPS and depth-finder and advance slowly.

The Alize resting after Day 1 in Baja Naval, Ensenada. 

The harbormaster at Baja Naval is a good guy and speaks English. 

Carmina is an incredibly sweet and helpful women at the front desk of Baja Naval. She will help you prepare your papers before you approach the Port Captain and Customs officials in Ensenada. This is immensely helpful. She will prepare photocopies of important documents and will arrange them exactly how the officials like to see them. She will also identify problems for you before you walk over to the officials. If you own an old boat, make sure the previous owner never acquired a TIP for that boat. Apparently, that can screw up your chances of getting your own TIP for the boat. 

In theory, you can apply for your TIP online. I tried this and was rejected. I have no idea why I was rejected. In fact, I was never even notified I was rejected. So, I prepared all my papers to acquire my TIP when I arrived in Ensenada.

The process of acquiring a TIP boat permit is not fun or easy. 

However, you need a TIP permit if you plan to keep your boat in Mexico. Even if you only want your boat in Mexico for a few days, you technically need a TIP. There are well documented stories of US boats being impounded from marinas after it was determined that the boat didn't have a TIP

We had all our papers in order but still found the process stressful. But, if you have all your ducks in a row, you should be done with this business in a few hours. It helps if you speak Spanish as only half of the officials we transacted with spoke English. Bring lots of pesos in small denominations as each official wants some small amount of cash for some paper or transaction. All in, I think I paid about 100$ (US) for the TIP permit and other related fees.

You want to arrive early at the Immigration/Port Captain’s office. Everything is done in the same building. They open at 9 AM and close at 1PM. We only saw 1 other gringo getting a TIP and there were only small lines at each window. The whole crew should join the Captain on this adventure. It doesn’t work if only the Captain shows up for this process.

You need to:
  • show (or buy) your FMM tourist visa
  • show your boat ownership papers (title)
  • show current registration (US boat reg.)
  • show insurance policy in Mexican waters
  • present passport

Also be prepared to report your Hull number and the number on your engine. You will be asked to pay a peso amount based on the tonnage of your vessel. My boat is 8,000 pounds. When I told them this info, they then wrote 8 tons on the paper and asked for about 25$ equivalent in pesos. If my math is correct, 8,000 pounds is about 4 tons but I didn’t complain. I have since learned that 8 tons is the minimum amount to report.

There are about 4 different windows in the Port Captain’s building that you move through in a series of steps. Carmina at Baja Naval mapped out my movement through these windows for me ahead of time. While you are moving through this series of windows/transactions you are also submitting your crew list papers and your arrival and departure from Ensenada papers. Yes, you need the Port Captain’s formal permission to depart from Ensenada. This is ridiculous, but it’s how things are done.
There is a little office outside the building where a friendly guy named Jonathon makes photocopies for you. Getting all your stamped papers photocopied is part of the process. Make sure you bring many peso coins to give Jonathon for these photocopies. We went nuts and made lots of photocopies of everything. Jonathon was easily the coolest and nicest guy in the entire building. Plus, he is a handsome devil, so my girlfriend enjoyed lingering in his office.

Anyway, about 2 hours later, if everything goes well…then you pass to the TIP window. Here, a very surly woman begrudgingly presented us with our TIP. She was mostly focused on watching a reality TV show. She turned up the volume on the TV while simultaneously asking us for papers. But, we have nothing but love for this women, because she gave us the shiny TIP permit that is now hanging in my port window. If I choose, I can now keep my boat in Mexico for 10 years. We handed her about 65$ (US) for the permit.
My TIP permit

At this point, we thought we were finished…but nope – we were then sent to the Customs window (aduana). This was easy. We filled out a document saying that we did not bring infectious material into Mexico and then an older man stamped some papers and that was it.

Then, we thought were done again, but we were told to return in 2 hours because some other Port Captain officials needed to sign off on our departure papers. They needed a few hours to stamp and approve a stack of papers. When we returned, they looked at us like we were crazy. They had no idea what had happened to our departure papers. They assumed we had done something wrong and implied that we could not depart the following day. After a confusing conversation, we just sort of said ‘Okay, well….bye.’ In our minds, we already had the TIP permit so this long, awkward bureaucracy dance was over, regardless of the stamped departure papers. Then, as we were walking away - a women ran up and said she had forgotten to pass the papers over to someone else and actually everything was fine with our departure. We laughed and said thanks and then went straight to Hussong’s Cantina and drank many margaritas.

Other resources for acquiring a temporary import permit for your boat in Mexico.

If you are preparing to get a TIP at some port in Mexico, I would consult multiple resources before you head south. The Baja Ha-Ha website always has updated info on this process. Baja Insider is also a good resource. Or you can go directly to the Banjercito page (they handle this transaction).

Hussongs, the oldest and best bar in Ensenada

Those were some strong margaritas.

The following day we sailed south to anchor at Punta Santa Tomas.

No diesel fuel dock in Ensenada Harbor

It should be noted that, as of December 2017 – there is no diesel fuel dock in the main harbor of Ensenada. 
Strange…but true. 
You need to stop at Coral Marina to fuel up. Coral is 4 miles north of Ensenada harbor. So, on the morning of our departure, instead of backtracking to Coral, we took a cab to a BP station that sells diesel. We topped off our 5 gallon jerry cans and carried them from the trunk of the cab back to the Baja Naval dock. Yes, this is a hassle. Also – keep in mind, not every gas station in Ensenada sells diesel. So, you need to ask around to make sure you cab it to the right gas station. Also, Uber worked well for us in Ensenada. When I say cab, I mean we hailed an Uber ride. This was more efficient time-wise then waiting for a cab.

The TIP sticker hangs in your window. This way officials can verify you are legitimate in your absence. 

November 12, 2017

Just built this DIY sun awning...preparations for a modest budget Mexican escape plan.

Jessica and I are sailing from our home port of San Diego down to La Paz, Mexico. We will drop the dock lines on December 20 and plan to arrive in La Paz somewhere in the first week of January.

sun awning
Jess enjoying a shady cockpit.

We have a lot of things on our 'to do' list. One of these things was to acquire some shade across the cockpit of our Newport 30 sailboat. 

Mexico has a lot of sun and we only want some of that sun hitting us.

Our sun canopy is not designed to withstand heavy conditions. We will keep it up when travelling in light air and when the boat is at rest. Aside from that - it will stow easily down below. I like a wide open cockpit with unobstructed visibility, so I wanted a canopy that could be easily taken down at a moment's notice.

I figured this might be of interest to others, so I am describing the steps we took below.

All in, we spent about $120.00 and it can be done in a couple of days.

If this post is interesting to you, please sign up on the side bar to the right. Once you're signed up, our upcoming Mexican cruising posts will deliver to your email.

sailboat bimini
2 panel system 

As you can see, we went with a 2 panel system. This way we have a back panel to shade the skipper on the tiller near the stern. This aft panel will be in place whether the main sail is up or down.

Then the front panel will only be up when the main sail is down (the front panel rests across the boom).

custom sun canopy
Front corners attach with a bungee for easy release.

Here, you can see the front panel rests across the boom. We use a bungee to fasten down the front corners. These can be popped off quickly.

When we cut the sun shade fabric to size and when we set the height of the PVC poles, we wanted to maximize visibility from the cockpit. The UV resistant canopy material we choose is transparent. This allows us to see incoming boats through the material. It also allows a breeze to pass through. But at the same time, it keeps the strong Mexican sun out of the cockpit.

UV resistant canopy material with compatible plastic grommets
We picked up this UV resistant material at home depot. You get a 20 foot by 6 foot panel for 30$. We bought 2 of these panels. For 5$ you get a bag of these plastic grommets. With a hammer, you punch them together with the fabric in the middle, this creates an eye-hole. You can then buy some parachute cord and tension all the corners.

4 PVC poles (1 inch) cut to length 

We bought 10 foot pieces of 1 inch PVC pipe at the hardware store. 

We cut them to length. The front 2 pipes mount on the inside of the cockpit. We attached them to the inside of the cockpit with pipe fasteners. The fasteners were raised from the surface with plastic spacers, this allows the PVC pipes to be pulled out easily when the sun canopy stows away.

front poles attach with a pair of pipe fasteners

The 2 pipes mounted on the stern rest in fishing pole holders. These fishing pole holders mount directly on my stern rail.

stern PVC poles fit perfectly in a stern rail mounted fishing pole holder

We bought some stainless eye hooks with threading on one end. Then we drilled these through the top of the PVC pipe. This allows us to tension the parachute cord that is connected to the canopy eye grommets.

an eye hook drilled through top of PVC pipe

A small design challenge: we wanted the canvas material to wrap around the boom lift line and the back stay. We cut open a slit on both panels to allow the canvas material to wrap around these lines. Then we popped grommet eye holes along the slit, so we could tension them back up around the backstay and boom lift.

canvas dodger
top view of 2 part sun canopy
So, that is it. We feel pretty good about this. 

Like I said, it is not meant for heavy weather, but it will certainly keep the sun at bay while cracking beers after a long day cruising.

September 27, 2017

Starting to prep for a Mexico adventure...

Well, it is officially official - Jessica and I are taking the boat south to Mexico.

The plan is to depart from San Diego in December and head down the Pacific side of Baja - hopefully arriving in La Paz in the first or second week of January. I will be cancelling my mooring at Marina Villiage in Mission Bay, San Diego. So, this is the end of an era...

The Alize' has had a great home at Marina Village and I recommend the marina to anyone in San Diego - but all good things must pass.

My boat is old but she still has one last wild adventure left in her. We are still uncertain with the long term plan, but I would like to keep the Alize' on an anchor or else a mooring ball in either La Paz or Puerto Escondido - possibly for a full year. Jess and I will continue working in San Diego, but we can drive down and island hop in the Sea of Cortez when we get long weekends off...

I still have a long list of items I need to purchase in order to make this trip a reality. However, we just checked one item off the list last week. Jess and I picked up a very fancy solar generator from a company called Kalisaya. The unit we have is the larger unit called a Kalipak 601. It has a large lithium ion battery and is set up to charge many USB devices and 12 volt components. Here is the solar powered generator on the bow of my boat.

solar generator on a boat

That is a foldable 40 watt panel - that can be used to top off the lithium battery. We will use the panel to keep the battery charged as we are anchored out for long periods of time. Our thinking is that - this is a nice system to compliment the 20 watt panel that is topping off our battery bank.

I'll write more as we continue prepping for the Baja cruise...

September 7, 2017

Smoke emitting from the engine...

My Yanmar diesel has been very good to me. Knock on wood...

I have been in more than a few tight situations and this engine has saved the day.
And now it looks as though my Yanmar is in need of some love.

Jess and I took the boat out last weekend and started smelling smoke after about 10 minutes under engine power.

When I removed the engine hatch, I saw black smoke rising out of the mixing elbow. Here is an image of the front end of my 2GM20 diesel.

credit: PHGCOM [GFDL, CC-BY-SA-3.

The mixing elbow is just out of view, but it sits on the top left corner of this photo. This component looks like hell, very rusted out... But it always has looked bad. Now it is also smoking when I bring the engine up to max RPM.
I will keep you posted - I am hoping this is a reasonable job in terms of price and effort...

July 12, 2017

Social stratification at Two Harbors on Catalina Island

 Let me begin this article by stating that I adore Catalina Island and I especially love the Two Harbors area on the northeast side of the island.

I always will.

I grew up in southern California and now own an old, yet sea-worthy, Newport 30 sailboat. I am doubly blessed in that each year, I make the 76 nautical mile crossing from San Diego to Two Harbors.

Boat routes from LA to Two Harbors and Avalon on Catalina Island

Set off-shore of the crowded and crazy land of southern California, Two Harbors is a quiet, sleepy refuge. It is beloved by visitors because it has no pretensions, it is relatively affordable to visit and it maintains a salty, sea-faring feel.

Boaters can grab a mooring ball in the harbor. If you don't have a boat, you can take the day ferry in from LA. There are some campgrounds and a few simple options for room and board.

Sleepy and scenic Two Harbors, the gem of southern California.

There is not much happening at Two Harbors and that's what's so special about it. You can sip a beer on the patio of the Harbor Reef bar, you can paddle around or snorkel...and that's about it.

It is an honor to visit this gorgeous harbor. I hope future generations can experience Two Harbors as I have done.

Unfortunately, it is now changing in a manner that caters more to the upper class.

For better or worse, the Catalina Island Company owns all operations at Two Harbors in Catalina Island.

In recent years, this organization has been ramping up their efforts to commercialize and monetize their significant holdings on Catalina island. They have installed zip lines and added spas and resorts in the Descanso and Avalon part of the island. Opinions vary on whether this is good or bad for the island.

This year, the Catalina Island company is focusing it's 're-vitalization' efforts at sleepy Two Harbors.

The Catalina Island Co. has recently installed a new oceanfront at Two Harbors called, 'Harbor Sands'. This includes 6 cabanas, a bar, lots of lounge chairs and 1,900 tons of imported white sands.

Sounds innocent enough? Actually, it sucks and it introduces a toxic, divisive element to the harbor.

two harbors
The new Harbor Sands resort at Two Harbors.

The new 'Harbor Sands' dominates the coastline northwest of the pier and it is very much, Pay to Play.

The whole area is gated off and if you want to walk upon their imported white sand, be prepared to pay 300$ to rent a cabana or 60$ to rent chaise lounges.

These were the prices I saw during the first week of July. See photo below.

harbor sands

Keep in mind, up till a few months ago, all this coastline was open to the public. For many decades, families have been using this space to BBQ food and enjoy the scenic waterfront. It was free to use for all visitors. Now it is off limit to everyone except those paying through the nose to rent chairs, palapas and order over-priced drinks.

harbor sands at two harbors
6 picnic benches remain for those that don't want to play the Harbor Sands game.

new changes at two harbors
Public space on the left, gated off Harbor Sands on the right.

I just sailed out to Two Harbors in early July, I picked up a mooring ball in and spent a week in the area. I was mostly preoccupied with a new energy system, I picked up a power generator that runs off of solar power. This is an interesting complement to the 12 volt DC power system on most boats.. ...but I digress...

Here is what I observed within the Two Harbors community...

All the Two Harbors locals I spoke with are vehemently against the invasive Harbor Sands. I also failed to find one boater who likes Harbor Sands. Instead, all the stories I heard were about long-time visitors being angered by the invasive new development.

Now let me wrap this up by re-stating how much I adore Catalina Island and Two Harbors. I am writing this article as an expression of tough love for the island.

I don't want to see the public waterfront encroached upon. I hate the idea of the middle class having to peer in across the rope-line to see how good the upper class has it.

If island visitors want a super-fancy 'elite' Catalina Island experience, they already have Descanso.

There is no need to introduce such flagrant social stratification onto the sleepy coastline of Two Harbors.

I am hoping the Catalina Island Company will make better decisions in the future. 

June 15, 2017

A nasty dog bite can knock a sailor down...

Calamity has reared its ugly head...


Almost 3 weeks ago, I made the foolish decision to break up a dog fight. I should preface this story by stating that I own both of the dogs involved in the fight. 

Yes, our adorable Mexican rescue sisters went at each other in a very violent manner. In the heat of the moment, I thought that Baja, the brown one, was going to lose an eye...so I got involved. I tried to rip Glacier's jaw off of Baja's face. This emotional decision landed me in the hospital.

My thumb was almost removed by dog teeth. Thank goodness, my bone and ligaments are in good shape. But, the nasty bite demanded surgery and 4 days of being hooked up to IV antibiotics.

a day after surgery, looking pretty banged up..

One of the main nerves in my thumb has been severed so I have lost much of the tactile sensation in my thumb. This may come back...or not. 

Time will tell.

my left hand and Jessica's right hand - mangled

I should mention that my girlfriend was also mangled in this debacle. Her cuts are more superficial than mine, but she still required a trip to the ER.

And of course, the dogs are fine. Not a single scratch.

Lesson learned? If the dogs want to destroy each other...let them. It's not worth hospitalization.

Needless to say, I haven't so much as raised a sail or motored the bay since the attack. I can type on a keyboard and walk around the neighborhood. Fortunately my current work doesn't involve physical labor, so I can keep doing my thing in the biology/biotech universe.

And of course, I am doing my best to minimize my painkiller intake...

Life's a bitch...and sometimes that bitch has teeth.

May 5, 2017

Another successful Dog-Sail

Our dogs are about 1.5 years old now and they are just starting to get their sea legs.

They've grown into their doggie life vests and they're almost making it through an afternoon sail without becoming nauseous.

Baja sniffing out an incoming breeze.

 Baja, the brown dog, is a high anxiety pup. She is keenly aware of the world and remains vigilant against every sound and smell. The ocean keeps her on her toes.

not a normal expression for Baja

Here's Jessica and Baja.

Baja looks like a drunk old man in this photo. That's not what she normally looks like... The open Seas brings out something new in her...

Glacier...always comfortable in the world.

Glacier is our white, fuzzy dog.

She is always in a good mood, regardless of the circumstances. Lots of smiles with this one, even when she is mildly puking in the corner of the cockpit.

Jess and Glacier watch the sun dip into the Pacific

The sun sets  -  marking the end of another classic dog-sail.

April 4, 2017

Thresher shark caught off of Mission Bay

My friends and I had a high school reunion this past weekend. I anchored my sailboat out in Mariner's Cove in west Mission Bay.

We were prepared for a casual day of catching up, drinking beer and eating tacos. But, as fate would have it - a thresher shark stole the show.

One of my old high school friends is an expert fishermen - and he hooked into this full grown thresher. The population numbers for this species of shark are quite healthy and so - the regulations allow for 2 thresher sharks per day.

This shark will be feeding many people. We filleted out the meat, partitioned it out, bagged it and froze it.

We ended up spending most of the afternoon processing the fish meat.

Nothing was wasted...

Now comes the fun part... learning about the best manner to prepare thresher shark meat..
Thresher vindaloo?

February 6, 2017

Solid winds and classic northwest swells hit the San Diego coastline

This winter has been good for southern California.

Mostly in terms of rain...

We are not out of the woods yet, but the precipitation has been steady for a few months now. In fact it's raining as I write..

Storms up in the Pacific Northwest have been sending us steady swells and various low pressure systems have delivered many days with 10-20 knot winds.

In general, work has been keeping me busy, but we did manage to get offshore last week...

Chris and his wife came down and got to see what San Diego looks like when you're 5 miles offshore.

January 22, 2017

I'm trying out a fancy new sensor bilge switch

Greeting skippers,

Here we are in the dog days of winter. Rain is falling heavy on the shoreline of southern California. The ocean is a chaotic mess of wind and angry swell. I for one could not be happier. The reservoirs are filling up!

But there's not a lot of sailing going on... So, in the interest of keeping busy, I've taken it upon myself to replace my bilge system. Usually I go with the classic float style switch, but this time - I decided to go with a fancy new electronic sensor switch. I got a Water Witch electronic sensor.

I went with a pretty standard pump. A West Marine 800gph pump. Apparently, these go out every 3 years or so. I just hit year 3 and sure enough...it crapped out.

So anyway, I wired up this new setup last month and its working great so far.

There are some advantages to this system, so I thought I would share my thoughts.

install electronic bilge switch
My filthy bilge with a new pump and a new sensor (black box in the back)

Here you can see I just put in the new West Marine 800gallons/hour pump. Normally, I have a float switch adjacent to the pump. When the water in the bilge rises, the plastic float arm rises also and this triggers a signal to turn on the pump. The problem was, my bilge is a bit too narrow. The arm of the float often touched the walls of the bilge as it was moving up or down. This made for an inconsistent system, as the float sometimes snagged and couldn't rise.

So, this is why I decided to opt for this new, smaller electronic sensor.

I bought a Water Witch electronic sensor - the Model 101 (12V DC). I found one at Marine exchange in San Diego for about 40$. There are no moving pieces.
Water witch electronic bilge sensor

When the water hits the large metal disc (see photo) then the signal triggers and the bilge activates.

What is cool about this type of sensor, is you can install it wherever you want (any height and any spot in your bilge). In a restricted bilge space, it is nice to have options.

Apparently you need to clean the metal disc from time to time. (If the disc is too dirty - a current won't go through). Although, this hasn't been an issue thus far.

electronic sensor bilge
heat shrink wire butt connectors

Oh and another thing... I finally did my wiring the correct way. I used these heat shrink butt connectors. In a bilge, any amount of exposed copper wiring will rot out quickly. These heat shrink deals are the best way to keep your wires from rusting out. Definitely worth the extra dollar.

October 31, 2016

How to replace a propeller on a sailboat

I've neglected my propeller for many years.

I replaced my zinc anodes- but not as often as recommended. I probably put new zincs on every 6 months - but every 3 months would have been better. 

Each time I've dove under my boat, I've seen more oxidation and more corrosion building up on my prop.

It was time to replace the propeller...

how to replace a sailboat propeller

I hauled out this week in Shelter Island Boat Yard in San Diego. This is a good yard with a reasonable haul out package deal. I let them do the prep work and paint this time.

However - replacing the propeller was a separate process. A marine surveyor working out of the shipyard named Ken Closs helped me with the following propeller replacement.

Here's a step by step instructional on...


How to put a new propeller on a boat.


propellers for sailboat
my three sons

1. Decide when its time for a new propeller.


In the photo above, I have arranged my propellers in order of disintegration.

On the far left is the prop that has been pushing me through the water for the past decade. It is ready to retire. In the middle is my secondary (emergency) prop, it is not quite as oxidized, but the blades are bent from hitting a rock. On the far right, is my brand new propeller. 

As you can see, these are all Michigan 2-blade sailor propellers. This is a popular brand for sailboats.

On my 30 foot Newport 30 from 1976, I use a 12 inch diameter, 11 inch pitch propeller. My shaft bore is 7/8 inch.

In the photo below, you can see that the corrosion on my old propeller has caused the edge of the blades to break off.

replacing an old propeller
looks like a mouse chewed on my blades

 How do you know if your propeller had oxidized?

If you scratch your prop blade with sandpaper, and you see pinkish bronze under the surface rust - then it is time to replace your prop.  If it's still good, you will see golden bronze upon scratching.

oxidized propeller
an old propeller, that has not yet oxidized fully

In the photo above, you can see that my secondary propeller has not yet past the point of no return, in terms of oxidation. When I scratched it with a heavy grit sandpaper, I found fresh copper metal. There was no pinkish tone, therefore in regards to oxidation I am still good. However, this prop has already hit a rock - and so the blades are bent out and the bent region shows cracking. For this reason, it was not worth restoring.

Another way to assess a propeller's oxidation  - is the ring tone. When you hit a good propeller with another metal object, there should be a resonating tone, like a bell.

If the prop is oxidized, then there will be a dull, brief tone - with no resonance.

2. Buy a new propeller

So - it was time for me to buy a new prop.

My brand new prop (below) set me back 550.00. I ordered it from Wilmington Propeller in Los Angeles. Other good west coast retail prop suppliers are: Tacoma Propeller in WA and Pacific Propeller in San Diego. Be prepared, if the retailers don't have what you need in stock, you will need to put in a order through Michigan Sailor. This could take 6-8 weeks. Plan this out before you haul your boat into the shipyard.

how to install a new propeller on a sailboat
new prop, 2 nuts and a key

3. Removing your old propeller


So, when you pull off your old propeller, first you will pull out the cotter pin at the end of your prop.
Just snap it in half, you'll put a new one on soon.

Then you should unscrew 2 nuts (1 large and 1 small). This may take some coaxing. Get a big wrench and tap it with a mallet.

Once the nuts are off - you can slide the propeller down the shaft.

There is also a special propeller puller tool that helps with this process.

Once the propeller is removed, you will see there is a slim metal object holding the prop against your shaft, this is called a propeller key.

You can see my 2 nuts and prop key in the photo above. Hold onto all these items, you need them once you put on your new propeller.

4. Once your prop is removed, clean up your shaft, nuts, prop key. 


In the photo below you can see my propeller shaft all cleaned up. On the top of the threading area, you can see the groove that the propeller key slides into. There is a similar groove on the propeller. The prop key works like a joint to hold the propeller in place around the shaft. This prevents the prop from spinning independent of the shaft. At this point, make sure to clean up this groove and your prop key.

install boat propeller
all cleaned up, ready for a new prop
Okay - slide that new, shiny propeller onto your shaft.

putting on a new propeller

5. Fit the new propeller on the shaft with the propeller key

A good fitting propeller should land on your shaft with a satisfying thud. That means the bore diameter is a good, snug fit. Use a pen or a knife edge to mark the spot up on the shaft where the prop naturally slides up to. (prop shafts are tapered).

Now, pull off the prop, and put your prop key into the groove on the shaft. It should fit in easily. Then slide the prop on top, over the key. You want the propeller to slide into place at the same place it landed without the prop key. In this manner, it should still line up with the first mark you made.

This is how you make sure you have your propeller and propeller key at their ideal spot on your shaft.

bronze propeller for sailboats
lining up the prop with prop key
 In photo above - you can see the front (fore) of my propeller with the prop key snugged in on the shaft. 

tightening the nuts

6. Tighten the propeller nuts

Place your small nut on first. Hand tighten, then use a large wrench for tension. You can place a large wooden block between the prop blades and the hull of the boat - to keep the shaft from spinning as you tension the prop. Once the smaller nut is secure, tighten the second (larger) one on behind it. The larger nut takes more of the load. Tension it the same way. 

It should be noted that schools of thought differ in regards to whether the thin nut should be placed on first or second. I have heard passionate and convincing opinions on both theories (thin nut first or thin nut second..). For more on this subject, you can read this article from Bolt Science.

put in a new cotter pin

7. Insert the cotter pin

Get yourself a fresh cotter pin. There should be a cotter pin hole at the end your shaft. With pliers, bend out the pin around itself. This prevents the nuts from sliding off.

the finished product

Now just trim the ends of the cotter pin and Voila - you are done. 

Splash the boat back in the water and fire up the engine.

If you've done this correctly - your boat should move forward as you increase the throttle.
If it doesn't - haul it back out and try again....

Good luck and let me know if this was helpful in the comments section below...

Captain Curran -

October 17, 2016

Getting the remains of these northwest storms down in San Diego

Summer is over in San Diego.

This really doesn't mean too much - as we don't have actual seasons down here. We have fake seasons.

The air is still warm - most days are mid-70s. Rain is few and far between.
We don't have many deciduous trees, so there are no autumn colors out.

But... we do start picking up wind from the huge low pressure storms that batter the Pacific Northwest.

Jessica at the helm of our Newport 30

This past weekend, Jessica and I pushed my trusty Newport 30 into some 17 knot/hour winds. We exited Mission Bay and sailed along the coast of Point Loma.

The swell was about 4-5 feet out of the northwest. This made for a bumpy ride but a 17 knot breeze kept us moving pretty well though the trough.

the ocean always looks flat in these photos...

 In a few days, we should get the wind front from the most recent storm that just hit the Oregon coast. I am referring to the storm that caused this water spout near Manzanita, OR.

 I am looking forward to that wind...

In general, we are a bit wind starved in San Diego. Our coastline is buffered from the inward slant of the shoreline - any by the presence of the Channel Islands. So what we experience near shore in San Diego is always a fraction of the sea conditions on the windward side of Catalina Island.

Still, I am not complaining. Anytime San Diego gets 15-17 knot winds, you need to be grateful and get out there and enjoy it..

Fair winds!